Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country with a fast-growing economy. It occupies parts of the Malay Peninsula and the island of Borneo. It is a generally open state-situated and newly industrialized and market economy. Malaysia a young population with an economy on the move, transforming rapidly into a modern nation. Today with a larger investment in science, research and developments which can intercept the growing necessity of modernization in social, health, security, scientific and economic sectors, need to have platforms like conferences, seminars, workshops and other related events which can throw light on different areas. It's known for its beaches, rainforests and mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and European cultural influences. The capital, Kuala Lumpur, is home to colonial buildings, busy shopping districts such as Bukit Bintang and skyscrapers such as the iconic, 451m-tall Petronas Twin Towers.Four UNESCO-designated World Heritage Sites are found in Malaysia: GunungMulu National Park, Kinabalu Park, the historic cities of Melaka and George Town, and the archaeological heritage site of the Lenggong Valley.
The weather in Malaysia is hot and humid year round, interspersed with tropical rain showers. Kuala Lumpur and Malacca are both hot and humid throughout the year, temperatures range from 22ºC to 32ºC year round and with a tropical climate, showers occur almost daily. Downpours during the rainy season (Apr–Oct) are not much heavier than the rest of the year and these can bring welcome relief to the sometimes-stifling humidity.
The national language of Malaysia is Malay, apart from being one of the two official languages. Also called Malaysian Malay or Malay, it is spoken by over 80% of the population. The second official language of Malaysia is English, which is also one of the most commonly spoken languages. The three main Malaysian languages are Malay, Mandarin and Tamil. The diverse Malaysian country is home to a diverse 137 living languages
The Malaysian Ringgit is the official currency of Malaysia. The general abbreviation of the Malaysian Ringgit is MYR. Introduced after replacing the Malaysian Dollar in the year 1967, the Malaysia Currency also announced its subunit called Sen. The Ringgit is divided into 100 Sen. The term Ringgit means jagged. This currency is sometimes still referred to as the Dollar, like before. The new 50 Sen coin has a high-security feature to avoid fake coin circulation. The Old 1 Sen Coin can still be used as money.
Malaysian Standard Time (MST) or Malaysian Time (MYT) is the standard time used in Malaysia. It is 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. The local mean time in Kuala Lumpur was originally GMT+06:46:46.
Malaysia has endeavoured since the 1970s, to introduce a variety of measures to achieve sustainable development goals which have been embodied in relevant policies such as short, medium and long-term development plans like five-year development plans, Outline Perspective Plans, and Vision 2020. The Government has also introduced energy efficiency measures such as energy efficiency guidelines for buildings, improvement of road systems and construction of light rail transit and electrical rail systems. Other strategies include promulgation of environmental and related regulations and their enforcement, land use planning and increasing public awareness. Environmental monitoring and surveillance have been carried out vigorously to ensure compliance with environmental standards and to reduce violations. Regulations on the management of toxic and hazardous waste have been established and a centralised integrated facility was commissioned to handle such wastes. In the management of natural resources, the Government has adopted an integrated approach towards attaining both environmental and developmental objectives through various measures. These include imposing Environmental Impact Assessment for prescribed activities, delineating areas as Permanent Forest Reserves for the protection of forests, deciding on a long-term commitment to maintain a minimum of 50% forest cover, and launching a National Policy on Biological Diversity. In addition, the Government has established national and marine parks, wildlife reserves, and sanctuaries, enacted various legislation to protect land, coastal and marine resources from soil erosion, air and water pollution, and taken steps to conserve the nation’s energy sources and mineral resources by rationalising oil and gas production.
The Malaysian Meteorological Service (MMS) continuously monitors and carries out analyses to detect climate change. Presently, MMS is developing a regional climate model that will assist future development of national climate scenarios. MMS has also been operating a network of stations across the country to monitor various meteorological variables at the surface and in the atmosphere for more than 50 years. These observations are further supplemented by rainfall records from the Department of Irrigation and Drainage, which also monitors river stage and discharge, and suspended sediment, to aid basic water resource assessment and in flood forecasting and warning. The Malaysian Department of Survey and Mapping conducts tidal observations for the determination of mean sea level as reference for the National Geodetic Vertical Datum.
Various measures have been identified, aimed at enhancing scientific knowledge and understanding, strengthening institutional capacities in terms of better database support, increasing technical skills, promoting closer interagency collaboration, and mitigating GHG emissions. These measures include carrying out comparative studies on carbon sequestration potentials of forests, which would provide a deeper understanding of the role of forests as sinks. Improving energy efficiency in the transport and industrial sectors, use of biomass waste for power co-generation, introduction of the use of photovoltaics in urban areas, and the development of Demand Side Management programmes are also some of the considerations which would require extensive studies of existing and emerging technologies and testing the applicability of such technologies.