Malaysia may be a multicultural country with visitors regardless of their budget or what their idea of fun could be Kuala Lumpur, the country's capital, may be a cosmopolitan city with amazing shopping and stunning architecture within blocks, you will find both the ultramodern PETRONAS Towers and variety of colonial palaces and buildings. Malaysia may be a Southeast Asian country occupying parts of the Malay Peninsula and therefore the island of Borneo. It's known for its beaches, rainforests and blend of Malay, Chinese, Indian and European cultural influences. The capital, Kuala Lumpur, is home to colonial buildings, busy shopping districts like Bukit Bintang and skyscrapers like the long-lasting, 451m-tall Petronas World Trade Center.
An analysis of temperature records in Malaysia shows a warming trend. For the assessment of the impacts of global climate change on agriculture, forests, water resources, coastal resources, health and energy sectors, temperature changes starting from +0.3°C to +4.5°C and rainfall changes starting from –30% to +30% were used. Several fixed water level rise scenarios within the range of 20–90 cm in 100 years were adopted for the assessment of impacts on coastal resources.
Climate change can reduce crop yield. Areas susceptible to drought can become marginal or unsuitable for the cultivation of a number of the crops, such as, rubber, oil palm, cocoa and rice, thus posing a possible threat to national food security and export earnings. the maximum amount as 6% of land planted with feather palm and 4% of land under rubber could also be flooded and abandoned as a result of water level rise.
Forests, however, are more susceptible to land use change than to global climate change . Upland forests are often expected to expand by 5% to eight , but this might be nullified by a loss of between 15% and 20% of mangrove forests located along the coast as a result of water level rise. Disease infestation on forest plantation species could also be aggravated by global climate change . The impact of global climate change on Malaysia’s rich
biodiversity is additionally of great concern, where, with the intricate interrelationships between plant and animal species, the impact on anybody species can have consequences for other species also . Increasing temperatures will end in higher evapotranspiration resulting in reduction in water availability. This problem is going to be further exacerbated during the dry months. On the opposite hand, a rise in storm magnitudes will end in a rise within the frequency and intensity of floods and, therefore, flood damage. Malaysia’s Initial National Communication
The impact on coastal resources are often classified into four broad categories. The primary is tidal inundation, where about 1200 km2 in Peninsular Malaysia alone are going to be submerged after bund failure, and mangroves are going to be lost if water level rises at a rate of 0.9 cm/year. The second is shoreline erosion, which can account for an additional few hundred metres of shoreline retreat. The third is increased wave action, which may affect the structural integrity of coastal facilities and installations like power plants. The last is saline intrusion, which may pose a possible threat of water contamination at water abstraction points. samples of other impacts include submergence of corals, coral bleaching thanks to increasing levels of CO2 within the water, and depletion of fisheries resources thanks to loss of mangrove habitats.
Climate change is additionally expected to cause adverse health consequences. An immediate impact might be deaths thanks to heat stress or respiratory diseases thanks to pollution , while indirect effects could include increased food and water-borne diseases, resulting from changes in rainfall pattern. There could even be a rise in vector borne diseases – like , malaria and dengue – as changes in temperature will increase the supply of suitable breeding habitats for the vectors. Additionally, global climate change will have adverse impacts on electricity production and consumption, and therefore the oil and gas industries. Operational and maintenance costs of electricity producers are going to be substantially increased to supply the required protection for power plants located along the coasts thanks to increased coastal erosion. an increase in air and water temperature will reduce plant efficiency and power output resulting in higher production costs. there'll even be an increase within the consumption of electricity if there's a rise within the air temperature, because it would end in an increased use of air-conditioning. Oil and gas industries and associated coastal facilities are going to be similarly affected.